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Podcast title Econ 050
Website URL http://econ050.northerntimes.n...
Description Economics and business that matters for the Netherlands and the world. An entertaining way to get informed about everything from trade wars to the psychology in your shopping cart. In each episode, presenter Traci White interviews a new expert. This is a co-production between The Northern Times and the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Groningen.
Updated Thu, 13 Jun 2019 15:26:41 +0000
Image Econ 050
Category Business
News & Politics

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Link to this podcast Econ 050


1. Vaccines: Maarten Postma and the costs of inaction and inoculation
http://econ050.libsyn.com/vacc... download (audio/mpeg, 42.23Mb)


The measles were effectively eradicated in much of the western world decades ago, yet the potentially fatal disease has made a fierce comeback in America and Europe due to growing anti-vaccination movements. What are the health costs of enforcing sufficient vaccine coverage in a country? How does a country choose which illnesses to vaccinate against – and how does the Netherlands’ vaccination coverage stand up to the rest of the world? Professor of Global Health Economics Maarten Postma joined us in the studio to talk about how the conversation and science around vaccines has changed in recent decades, and about the costs of medical action and inaction when it comes to inoculation.

2. Econ 050: should the north become the next Silicon Valley?
http://econ050.libsyn.com/econ... download (audio/mpeg, 38.71Mb)


What will the north look like in the future? Will it become the next Silicon Valley – and is that something we actually want to become? The tech industry is one of the region’s growing strong suits, but what does that really mean for job opportunities today and in the years to come? Nick Stevens, the Chief Digital Officer in Groningen, says that part of figuring out what the future holds for Groningen, Drenthe and Friesland is getting the cities and provinces to look beyond their own borders and recognize themselves as part of a single region. We sat down with him for a wide-ranging interview about the role of local government, businesses and educational institutions in developing and executing a new vision for the north.

3. Dining in the north: Saskia Jonker of De Smaak van Stad on the regional restaurant scene
http://econ050.libsyn.com/dini... download (audio/mpeg, 41.91Mb)


For many internationals, food is an integral part of your sense of cultural identity, and moving abroad can often mean finding yourself longing for your favorites from home and missing the social element of a shared meal. But a region’s food scene is also very much an economic and business matter: how do you balance out chains and locally owned establishments? How does having a big student population influence the dining scene in a city? How cost effective is it to own and operate a food truck in a country that isn’t exactly known for excellent weather? Through her culinary blog De Smaak van Stad, freelance journalist Saskia Jonker has gotten a taste for what’s happening in the culinary world across the north, and she sat down with us to share her thoughts on the latest food trends and her personal favorite places to grab a bite in Groningen, Drenthe and Friesland.

4. Immigration and jobs: Magda Ulceluse talks equality among EU member states
http://econ050.libsyn.com/immi... download (audio/mpeg, 36.67Mb)


Post-doctoral candidate Magda Ulceluse researches the intersection of immigration, employment and income equality. There are more than 9,000 businesses in the north that are owned by first generation immigrants, and work and education are what bring many immigrants here originally, but dual career partners and university graduates also need to find work. Is there any truth to the claims that immigrants steal jobs from the native population? What is the balance of brain drain and brain gain among member states? Ulceluse joined us in the studio to try and sort truth from fiction when it comes to migrants, job creation and economic growth.

5. Comparing economies: using the past to understand the present
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What do the modern day Ivory Coast and the 19th century Netherlands have in common? According to research from the Groningen Growth and Development Center, the size of their economies is virtually identical. Professor Robert Inklaar, who is a participant in the Growth and Development Center, says that one of the center’s most powerful tools is the Penn World Table, which gathers data about the economic output and productivity of 180 countries around the world all the way back to the 1950s and even further in some cases. But what are the best ways to compare economic performance? How can intangible digital products and services be accounted for in measuring prosperity? We sat down with professor Inklaar to hear all about the past, present and even future of using data to figure out just how well any given country’s economy is doing.

6. Corporate ethics: How easy is it to slip into misconduct?
http://econ050.libsyn.com/corp... download (audio/mpeg, 35.03Mb)


Imagine you’re on the banks of a river, watching the white water rapids rage past you. You’re surrounded by a group of your closest friends who booked a rafting trip, but you’re scared. You are deathly afraid that the raft will tip over, and you’ve heard horror stories about people drowning in these waters. In theory, you could still refuse to get into the raft, but everyone else is getting in, and you don’t want to disappoint your friends. So, you get in. The raft starts moving along and gradually gains speed. The waters aren’t too wild yet, so you could still get out at this point, but it’s already a dangerous situation. You keep going and going, faster and faster, and then, the raft flips. This is how assistant professor Kristina Linke describes the process of how corporate executives find themselves gradually but inevitably crossing ethical lines professionally. In principle, they can see the danger coming from a mile away, but in practice, it can be just as scary to try and get out before certain disaster strikes. We sat down with assistant professor Linke to hear about just how easy – and common – it is for corporate staff to slide into financial fraud.

7. Avoiding climate catastrophe: Pim Heijnen talks abatement and accountability
http://econ050.libsyn.com/avoi... download (audio/mpeg, 37.17Mb)


If climate change is global, why do so many countries, even those at direct risk of its consequences like the low-lying Netherlands, still seem to see it as a zero sum game? How can politicians, including those in the climate change denying populist party Forum for Democracy who won a large share of the vote this week, and companies be made to look beyond their own national borders and coffers to make change now? Associate professor Pim Heijnen has been researching ways to avoid climate catastrophe through cooperation, so I wanted to hear more from him about why it seems so hard for individual countries to put long term global interests above short term national interests.

8. What are water boards? Corine Houben explains the politics of keeping the Netherlands dry
http://econ050.libsyn.com/what... download (audio/mpeg, 31.20Mb)


Water management may not seem like an especially sexy topic, but in a country where about one-third of the ground is below sea level, it can be a matter of life or death. Water management has been a part of Dutch history since long before the Netherlands was even a single unified country, but most Dutch people don’t exactly know what the government entity that manages the water, the water boards, actually do. Even though the concept of making sure that the country doesn’t end up underwater seems pretty uncontroversial, there is a political side to water boards – should they focus exclusively on keeping water clean and keeping the land dry, or should they also be responsible for recreational use? Should the agricultural sector be charged more than private households for their water use? Corine Houben is a researcher at COELO, the Center for Research of local governments, recently carried out research into the difference in water board taxation rates across the country, so Econ 050 wanted to find out what this vitally important but little understood branch of government really does, and why your vote matters.


9. Beyond left and right: how political identity influences happiness
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Maite Lameris is a PhD candidate and lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Business and has been working on research on new ways to see how a person’s political values correspond with how happy they are and how they vote. Lameris and her fellow researchers have also developed four new dimensions for measuring political identity to go beyond the limitations of leftwing versus rightwing.

10. Leadership and crisis: why managers tighten the reins when under threat
http://econ050.libsyn.com/-lea... download (audio/mpeg, 45.74Mb)


When the financial crisis hit in 2008, the instinct of thousands of business owners around the globe was to cling to their power even more tightly, cutting across sectors and cultures. But more egalitarian approaches to leadership that share responsibility and power are better for weathering an economic downturn. In their recently published paper, “Tightening the leash after a threat: A multi-level event study on leadership behavior following the financial crisis”, professors Janka Stoker and Harry Garretsen examine how the heads of companies changed their leadership style in the immediate aftermath of the crisis. They are also co-authors of the book, “Taking the Hot Air Out of Leadership”, which goes beyond the pithy quotes and digs deep into what leadership truly means, in good times and bad.

11. Debt and house prices: Dirk Bezemer on how private debt puts the Netherlands at risk
http://econ050.libsyn.com/debt... download (audio/mpeg, 47.98Mb)


Housing for students in Groningen in particular has gotten a lot of attention in recent years, but issues at the very top of the property ladder are one of the biggest reasons why many people are struggling to find affordable housing even though the Dutch economy is booming. Faculty of Economics and Business professor Dirk Bezemer, who is also a columnist for the progressive Dutch publication De Groene Amsterdammer, has been writing for years about how the housing market and private mortgage debt are intertwined, and he warns that the Netherlands is more susceptible to the next global economic shock than basically anywhere else in Europe because of how much private debt is held by homebuyers.

12. Going green at the grocery store: why aren't shoppers buying greener products?
http://econ050.libsyn.com/goin... download (audio/mpeg, 36.99Mb)


Given the daily reports about how the effects of climate change are already happening across the planet, it might seem like getting people to buy greener or more sustainable versions of products would be a cinch. But the bottom line for most consumers is still making sure that the product they buy actually works. It’s easier to persuade people to make more virtuous purchases when it comes to healthy foods, but the traditional, non-green versions of more indulgent buys like sports cars and chocolate bars are still more popular. And even if you do buy a vegetarian sausage instead of actual meat, does all that packaging around it cancel out any environmental benefits? Associate marketing professor Jenny van Doorn was kind enough to try and answer a lot of the questions I think many us find ourselves asking in the grocery store about how green our products are and what gets us to put them in our shopping basket.

13. Earthquakes and energy: what happens after natural gas extraction ends in Groningen?
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Since a 3.6 magnitude earthquake in the Groningen town of Huizinge in 2012, the province has been reeling from more man-made quakes induced by natural gas extraction in the region. Is there an end in sight to the earthquakes? What happens after natural gas extraction ends in the north? Professor of regulation of energy markets Machiel Mulder and his colleagues at the Faculty of Economics and Business recently published a policy paper, “Gas production and earthquakes in Groningen: reflection on economic and social consequences”, so in this episode of Econ 050, professor Mulder talks about how he was surprised by the government's decision to shut down gas extraction in Groningen altogether by 2030, the costs involved in stopping, and just how interwoven the Dutch government itself is in the industry.

14. Unemployment and spousal unhappiness: how unexpected job loss can impact your partner
http://econ050.libsyn.com/unem... download (audio/mpeg, 37.52Mb)


Assistant professor and Rosalind Franklin Fellow Milena Nikolova has looked into how one partner unexpectedly losing his or her job can impact the happiness not only of the recently let go employee, but also their spouse's well-being. Although income is obviously important, it's not just about money. How can companies soften the blow for family members when carrying out lay offs - and should they?

15. Brexit beyond politics: Bart Los on how Brexit will impact jobs
http://econ050.libsyn.com/brex... download (audio/mpeg, 39.34Mb)


Trying to divine what the United Kingdom will be like in a post-Brexit world is a daunting task, but Bart Los, a Professor of the Economics of Technological Progress and Structural Change, is working to do just that: crunching the numbers to figure out what the impact of Brexit is likely to be on jobs and the economy not only in Britain, but in neighbouring countries with extensive trading relationships, including the Netherlands. He and his research partners have analysed what industries and regions seem likeliest to take a hit after the UK leaves the EU, and to put it bluntly, it doesn’t look pretty.

16. An international workplace: Burcu Subasi on how nationality can affect how colleagues treat you
http://econ050.libsyn.com/inte... download (audio/mpeg, 36.36Mb)


Diversity in the workplace is good for business. It brings fresh perspectives and creativity, and helps companies make sure they have the best talent working for them. However, being an international worker can come with disadvantages. Traci White sat down with postdoctoral researcher Burcu Subasi to hear how her research reveals that being in a minority at work can hold you back.

17. A buddy or a brand? Jing Wan on anthropomorphism in marketing
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From your friendly facewash to your trusty toilet cleaner, companies love giving products personalities to encourage us to buy them. It's a phenomenon called anthropomorphism and it's rooted in human psychology. To hear about how it works, Traci White caught up with Jing Wan, an assistant professor at the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Groningen who researches this very topic. Find out why brands want to be your buddy too!

18. Trade wars! Economist Tristan Kohl on whether anyone can win in the struggle between Trump and China
http://traffic.libsyn.com/econ... download (audio/mpeg, 40.36Mb)


US President Donald Trump came to power on a platform of challenging unfair trade deals and taking on China. But what does a trade war actually mean, and who wins when tempers flare and tariffs spike? To find out, Traci White sat down with Tristan Kohl, assistant professor and trade economist at the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Groningen. He explained the evidence indicating the ultimate losers are consumers in the United States.