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Podcast title The latest stories from www.wnyc.org
Website URL http://www.wnyc.org/
Description The latest stories from www.wnyc.org
Updated Tue, 25 Jun 2019 15:49:33 -0400
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Link to this podcast The latest stories from www.wnyc.org

Episodes

1. Intelligence Squared US: Should You Love Your Enemies?
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Description:

In this special episode, Intelligence Squared U.S. host John Donvan sits down with Arthur Brooks, one of America's leading political thinkers, to discuss a bold premise: loving your enemies. Brooks is a best-selling author and the president of the American Enterprise Institute. His new book, "Love Your Enemies: How Decent People Can Save America from the Culture of Contempt," builds on his decades in politics and urges Americans to love each other despite partisan differences.

Airs Saturday, June 29 at 10 pm on AM 820.

 



2. Jeffrey Epstein's Sex Offender Plea Deal Must Stand, Federal Prosecutors Say
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Description:

Federal prosecutors say a lenient plea deal struck more than a decade ago with multimillionaire and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein should be allowed to stand.

Epstein was charged with recruiting dozens of girls, some as young as 13, for massages and sex at his mansion in Palm Beach, Fla. Under a plea deal reached in 2007 with then-U.S. Attorney Alex Acosta, Epstein was given immunity from federal prosecution and pleaded guilty to lesser state charges. The financier served just 13 months in county jail and was granted work release, allowing him to spend his days at his Palm Beach office. Acosta now serves as President Trump's Labor secretary.

For more than a decade, attorneys representing sex abuse victims in the case have said their clients weren't informed of the plea deal beforehand or given the opportunity to testify about it in court. In February, U.S. District Judge Kenneth Marra ruled that the omission by prosecutors violated the Crime Victims' Rights Act. He ordered the government and lawyers for the victims to propose a remedy.

In a motion filed last month, lawyers for two victims, identified only as "Jane Doe 1 and 2" asked that the investigation be reopened and that they receive an apology from prosecutors.

This week, prosecutors responded. In their motion, they concede the government should have told abuse victims about the plea deal before it was presented in court. But they say the law gives the government broad discretion in deciding whether or not to prosecute. And at this point, prosecutors say victims have no right to demand an apology or anything from the government.

As for requests that the court invalidate the plea deal and order the government to reopen the investigation, prosecutors say the court simply doesn't have the authority. In the motion, B.J. Pak, the U.S attorney for the Northern District of Georgia writes that "such an order would violate, or fall perilously close to violating, the separation-of-powers doctrine undergirding our democracy." Pak took over the case earlier his year after prosecutors in the South Florida U.S. Attorney's office formerly headed by Acosta recused themselves.

The government says the deal it made with Epstein should be allowed to stand. Acknowledging the failure to properly notify victims, Pak said prosecutors would meet with them privately or allow them to testify at a public hearing. And Pak said all prosecutors in Florida's Southern District would receive additional training in the Crime Victims' Rights Act.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


3. Foresight 2020: Health Care
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Description: "We have as many people insured in this country as ever before," said Dan Diamond, health reporter for POLITICO. But Diamond noted that some people are under-insured, in hard-to-reach locations and unable to opt in to insurance plans.

Want to support 1A? Give to your local public radio station and subscribe to this podcast. Have questions? Find us on Twitter @1A.

4. Latest Newscast From the WNYC Newsroom
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Description: None

5. 2019/06/25 19:00 GMT
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Description: The latest five minute news bulletin from BBC World Service.

6. San Francisco Poised To Ban Sales Of E-Cigarettes
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San Francisco's Board of Supervisors is expected to vote Tuesday to ban the sale and distribution of e-cigarettes in the city. The city is the corporate home of Juul Labs, the biggest producer of e-cigarettes in the U.S.

Two San Francisco ordinances would prohibit the sale of e-cigarettes in brick-and-mortar stores and also online, if shipping to addresses in the city.

San Francisco Mayor London Breed has 10 days to sign the legislation, which she has said she will do. The law would begin to be enforced seven months from that date, in early 2020.

San Francisco Supervisor Shamann Walton coauthored the proposed legislation.

"We spent a few decades fighting big tobacco in the form of cigarettes," Walton said. "Now we have to do it again in the form of e-cigarettes."

Under federal law, the minimum age to buy tobacco products is 18 years old. In California and 15 other states, however, that age is 21. Despite this, use of e-cigarettes, or "vaping," has risen steeply among teenagers nationally.

Last year, 1 in 5 high school seniors reported vaping in the past month. That's almost double the number who reported vaping the year before. Even eighth graders are vaping in record numbers.

These increases come after years of decline in thesmoking of traditional cigarettes by teenagers.

Public health officials are concerned about the rising number of teens using e-cigarettes, because nicotine can harm a young person's developing brain. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that young people who vape may be more likely to start smoking traditional cigarettes.

Walton says he's disgusted with the actions of Juul and similar companies, who he says are "putting profits before the health of young people, and people in general."

Despite the tobacco age limit, Walton says, vaping devices are commonly confiscated from students in the city's middle schools and high schools.

The ordinance is accompanied by another that prevents the manufacture, distribution, and sale of e-cigarettes on city-owned property in San Francisco.

That ordinance takes direct aim at Juul Labs, which leases space from the city on San Francisco's Pier 70. The ordinance is not retroactive, so it would not force Juul's relocation away fromthe company's current space, but it would prevent other e-cigarette makers from renting city property in the future. In a written statement, Juul spokesman Ted Kwong said that, in any case, the company does not "manufacture, distribute or sell our product from this space."

Juul's vaping device was introduced in 2015, and the company now controls 70 percent of the vaping market. About the size of a flash drive, the Juul device is small, sleek and discrete.

In a written statement, Juul Labs say it shares the city's goal of keeping e-cigarettes away from young people. Company officials say the firm has made it harder for underage buyers to purchase Juul via the company's website, and have shut down Juul accounts on Facebook and Instagram.

But, the company argues, "The prohibition of vapor products for all adults in San Francisco will not effectively address underage use and will leave cigarettes on shelves as the only choice for adult smokers, even though they kill 40,000 Californians every year."

Walton, the San Francisco supervisor, doesn't buy that argument, however. He says swapping tobacco use for vaping is simply, "trading one nicotine addiction for another." What's more, he says, he's concerned that for every adult that might benefit, dozens of young people could become addicted.

San Francisco resident Jay Friedman thinks the complete e-cigarette ban goes too far. The software engineer says hesmoked a pack of cigarettes a day for 20 years, and that smoking e-cigarettes has reduced his regular cigarette habit to two to three a day. He says he feels better physically.

Friedman supported a ban on flavored tobacco that city voters passed last year. "I feel like it was good to get rid of the fruit flavors for kids," he says, "but this feels like maybe a step too far."

If e-cigarettes were banned, Friedman says, he would try to quit nicotine altogether. But, "there would be a point in a moment of weakness where I'd just end up buying a pack of smokes again, and then it's just a slippery slope from there."

Small businesses in San Francisco are concerned a ban will hurt their bottom line.

Miriam Zouzounis and her family own Ted's Market, a convenience store near downtown San Francisco. She says e-cigarettes are an "anchor" product: They draw people into her store.

"When people come and want to purchase something at the store and we don't have that exact item that they want, they're not going to buy the rest of the items that they might on that trip — a drink or a sandwich," Zouzounis says.

Sales in the store from e-cigarettes account for at least $200 to $300 a day, she says. A board member of the Arab American Grocers Association, Zouzounis says she believes laws like this mostly affect — and penalize — immigrant-owned businesses.

Abbey Chaitin is a 15-year-old lifelong San Francisco resident. She isn't drawn to using e-cigarettes, she says, because she's watched peers become addicted to them.

"I'll see them in class fidgeting," Chaitin says. "They need it to focus, to function."

And Chaitin thinks, regardless of a ban, young people will still get their hands on e-cigarettes.

"People my age can find a way around that if they really need to," she says.

Meanwhile, Juul is collecting signatures for a November ballot initiative to override the ban, perhaps before it goes into effect.

Copyright 2019 KQED. To see more, visit KQED.


7. Hospitals Earn Little From Suing For Unpaid Bills. For Patients, It Can Be 'Ruinous'
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Description:

The Fredericksburg General District Court is a red-brick courthouse with Greek columns in a picturesque, Colonial Virginia town — a horse and carriage are usually parked outside the visitor center down the street.

On a sunny morning — the second Friday in June — the first defendant at court is a young woman with glasses in a plaid purple shirt. Daisha Smith, 24, arrives early — she has just come off working an overnight shift at a group home for the elderly. She's here because the local hospital sued her for an unpaid medical bill — a bill she didn't know she owed until her wages started disappearing out of her paycheck.

The hospital, Mary Washington, sues so many patients that the court reserves a morning every month for its cases.

Inside the courthouse, it's not hard to figure out where to go. Right through court security, there are signs on colored paper: "If you are here for a MW case, please register at the civil window." When the elevators open, there's another Mary Washington sign. Wearing name badges, Mary Washington billing staff members walk through the halls. They've set up a kind of field office in a witness room at the back of the courtroom, where they are ready and waiting to set up payment plans for defendants.

On June 14, only a handful of the 300 people summoned to court show up. Most of the lawsuits were filed by the hospital, along with some others from medical companies affiliated with Mary Washington Healthcare.

The hundreds that did not come have default judgments made against them, meaning their wages can be garnished.

Those who did who up sit scattered throughout the bright, mostly empty courtroom, under the schoolhouse lamps.

At 9 a.m., the judge walks into court, and everybody rises.

"Good morning," he says. "This is what we call the hospital docket."

Bill collection through the courts

Not every hospital sues over unpaid bills, but a few sue a lot. In Virginia, 36% of hospitals sued patients and garnished their wages in 2017, according to a study published Tuesday in the American Medical Association's journal, JAMA. Five hospitals accounted for over half of all lawsuits — and all but one of those were nonprofits. Mary Washington sued the most patients, according to the researchers.

Mary Washington defends the practice as a legal and transparent way to collect on bills. It says it makes every effort to reach patients before it files papers to sue.

But others who observe and research the industry find it troubling that hospitals, especially nonprofits, are suing their patients.

"Hospitals were built — mostly by churches — to be a safe haven for people regardless of one's race, creed, or ability to pay. Hospitals have a nonprofit status – most of them – for a reason," says Martin Makary, one of the JAMA study's authors and a surgeon and researcher at Johns Hopkins Medicine. "They're supposed to be community institutions."

There's no good national data on the practice, but journalists have reported on hospitals suing patients all over the country, from North Carolina to Nebraska to Ohio. In 2014, NPR and ProPublica published stories about a hospital in Missouri, which sued 6,000 patients over a four-year period.

Typically these aren't huge bills. In Virginia, the average amount garnished was $2,783.15, according to the JAMA study. Walmart, Wells Fargo, Amazon, and Lowes were the top employers of people whose wages were garnished.

"If you're a nonprofit hospital and you have this mission to serve your community, [lawsuits] should really be an absolute last resort," says Jenifer Bosco, staff attorney at the National Consumer Law Center.

Bosco explains that IRS rules require nonprofit hospitals to have financial assistance programs, and prohibit them from taking "extraordinary collection actions" on unpaid medical bills without first attempting to determine patients' eligibility for financial assistance.

Nonprofit hospitals, Bosco says, "have to provide some sort of financial help for lower income people, but the federal rules don't say how much help, and they don't say how poor you have to be to qualify, [or] if you have to be insured or uninsured."

As a result, she says, they have "a lot of free rein to make up their own policy of what they think is appropriate."

"Hospitals sometimes can legally sue their patients for medical debts," Bosco says. "The question is whether that's something that they should be doing."

For Makary, as a doctor, the answer is simple. "It's a disgrace every place where it happens," he says.

The "hospital docket" at the Fredericksburg Court illustrates how far hospitals will go to pursue debts, he says: "It's almost as if the courthouse has converted into a taxpayer-funded collections agency."

'Who's garnishing my check?'

Deshia Smith is unflinching when she talks about Mary Washington and what happened to her after she went to the hospital in 2017.

At the time she didn't have insurance. She was working part time at Walmart for $11 an hour. She doesn't want to give the details about why she ended up at the hospital. "I was not myself," she says. "So I walked myself into Mary Washington to get help – to get myself on track." She says she was admitted for two weeks.

Smith says no one told her about the financial assistance program, or talked to her about her bill. According to the hospital's policy, someone making less than $25,000 without health insurance should qualify for "free care." But the hospital sued her for $12,287.68. She had a default judgement against her, and only realized she'd been sued when she saw her paycheck mysteriously disappearing.

"When I looked at my pay stub, I'm like, 'Why do I only have like $600-something in my account?' " She noticed "garnish" written on the bottom of her pay stub. "So I called my company and asked them, 'Who's garnishing my check?' " They told her it was Mary Washington.

With the garnishment, her take-home pay for a month of work come to about $1,400. Her rent is $1,055. "I literally have no food in my house because they're garnishing my check," she says.

She knows she's not the only one that Mary Washington has gone after for an unpaid bill. Her relative had one, too, and got on a payment plan. Her coworker was also sued.

"And that's crazy," she shakes her head. To Mary Washington Hospital, she says: "People need help, you all are just money hungry."

A thin slice of revenue

In the courtroom, on "hospital docket" day in June, the judge ran through the cases quickly. One man owed $1,500 after an E.R. visit. A nurse was on the hook for over $20,000 after one of her children had a mental health evaluation. Another woman wasn't sure why she was being sued for $1,400 — it could have been from an outpatient surgery she had three years ago. The day's hearings are all over in 45 minutes.

Mary Washington Healthcare stands by its practice of suing patients, and explains that lawsuits are relatively rare.

"It's important to us, as a small community, and a safety net hospital, that we're doing everything we can for our patients to avoid aggressive collections," says Lisa Henry, communications director for the health care system.

Henry says they have a months-long process for trying to reach patients before they take legal action. "By phone, by mail, by email — any access point we're given from them when they register," she says.

"Unfortunately, if we don't hear back from folks or they don't make a payment we're assuming that they're not prepared to pay their bill, so we do issue papers to the court," she says.

Mary Washington Healthcare includes two hospitals, a network of physician practices, specialty care, and outpatient centers.

Henry says the "vast majority" of patients who are eligible do get signed up for their financial assistance program, getting discounted or free care or setting up a payment plan. "A small percentage then goes on to collection and then even smaller goes to litigation," she says. "We see thousands of patients a year and less than 1% go to litigation."

In fact, Henry says that the revenue the hospital got from garnishing people's wages was only 0.21% of its $624 million total revenue in 2018. That's slightly higher than the average collected by other Virginia hospitals, according to the JAMA study, which found hospitals collected an average of 0.1% of their total revenue from garnishments.

Erin Fuse Brown, a law professor at Georgia State University whose work focuses on health care costs, says there are bigger philosophical questions here about a hospital's role.

"There has to be a balance between getting their bills paid but also being a reasonable community member," she says. Regarding lawsuits, she adds: "It doesn't seem to be worth the effort, and it's so ruinous to the patient — not just the financial obligation but the effect on your credit, on your record, the emotional effect of being sued."

Mary Washington Healthcare has chosen to go through the legal system intentionally, Henry says. "We selected to do this because we think it is a fair and appropriate way to help our patients reach out to us – to open the lines of communication," she says. "There are many cases resolved before litigation. The court summons alone is enough to open that door of communication so that we can work with them."

Henry says the Virginia hospitals that don't sue patients are probably outsourcing their collection of unpaid bills. "Most sell their debt. We have elected not to ever sell our debt in small claims," she says. "The reason for that is the collections agencies can be aggressive."

Fuse Brown says IRS rules for nonprofit hospitals don't distinguish between whether a hospital is trying to collect an unpaid bill directly, or using a private collections company. "They're recognized to be fairly harsh tactics, whether the hospital is the one doing the suing, or whether it's a debt collection agent," she says. "Certainly to the patient, all of that feels equally stressful and burdensome."

She says it's hard to know at a national level how many nonprofit hospitals sue patients who haven't paid their bills, how many sell the debt, and how many write it off. "I haven't seen any good studies that tried to estimate the number of hospitals that are doing this or the percentage of patients who are subjected to this type of debt collection activity," Fuse Brown says.

She adds, it's a shame information about hospitals' collection practices isn't widely available. "Wouldn't you like to know that if you were a patient?" she asks.

'Do you owe this money?'

On June 14, a group of doctors, pre-med students and a lawyer headed to the Fredericksburg court early, and as patients collected in the hall outside the double doors of the courtroom, they approached them, asking, "Are you here because you've been sued by Mary Washington?" Nearly everyone nodded cautiously. And most were open to talking and sharing what happened to them.

This group is part of an advocacy campaign to support patients who are being sued by the hospital. The effort is lead by Johns Hopkins researcher Makary, the author of the JAMA study on Virginia hospital lawsuits.

He first found out about this hospital's lawsuits last fall while working on The Price We Pay, his forthcoming book on dysfunction in the American health care system. He was so outraged by what is happening to patients in Fredericksburg, that he's started showing up every month when hospital cases are heard in the court.

"To see these aggressive, and even predatory, collection strategies affect everyday teachers, farmers, even nurses – it's heartbreaking and it's wrong and it needs to stop," Makary says.

Part of the advocates' strategy to help patients fight these lawsuits is to encourage them to contest their bills, rather than admit they owe the money.

"The number one thing we need them to do is when the judge asks that initial screening question, 'Do you owe this money?' the answer they need to say is, 'No,' " Makary explains. "That allows us to make the arguments and to have a hearing."

If they say yes, which many of them do, "That's kind of the kiss of death — you're going to get a judgment against you," says Joseph Kirchgessner, the local attorney working with the advocacy team.

The underlying thinking is that patients rarely have a chance to negotiate the cost of medical services in advance, and that bills may be unreasonable, especially in light of their financial circumstances. If the patient contests, they might be able to negotiate a better price or have the bill forgiven.

Kirchgessner says he plans to argue that hospital contracts, often signed under "duress" during a medical crisis, aren't valid. Makary is ready and willing to be an expert medical witness, to testify about whether there are hospital markups or unnecessary procedures.

But Kirchgessner hasn't had a chance to defend a Mary Washington case in court yet, he says, because each time he gets close to a trial date, the hospital withdraws its case against the patient. This leaves the issue unresolved. The hospital can still try to collect, or bring a future lawsuit.

The advocates are also politely asking hospitals like Mary Washington to end the practice of suing over unpaid bills. Makary has chatted with doctors in the hospital cafeteria, imploring them to tell their administrators to stop. (Makary has been doing that himself, at his own hospital – Johns Hopkins Hospital – which was also recently reported to be suing patients over their bills.) He sent a letter to Mary Washington Healthcare's CEO and board members describing patients they met and asking that they stop the suits.

"We've told the hospital that we will plan to be there on every single court date until the hospital decides to stop suing low-income patients for bills that they simply can't afford," Makary says.

Mary Washington's Lisa Henry says because all of the court records are public, they're subject to more scrutiny than hospitals that use collection agencies.

"We're really unclear as to why Mary Washington Healthcare – in particular – has become the face of this," she says. "I don't think we're alone – all hospitals are struggling with, 'How do we collect appropriately from our patients to stay open as a safety net hospital?' "

A 'wildcard' case

Thanks to the volunteer advocates, Deshia Smith now has an attorney — Joey Kirchgessner.

He says taking her case "was a bit of a wildcard" since it's too late for her to contest the bill. All he can do for her now is try to get the garnishment lowered or removed altogether. "There are certain laws in Virginia about how people are garnished, how much they can take," he explains.

The next step is to meet with Smith to work out her income and expenses and make a plan.

Since her paycheck started being garnished, Smith says she had to take on another job to keep up with her rent. "The second job's not helping much, but it's something," she says. She's also now working full time at the group home, and is enrolled in Medicaid.

If her check weren't being garnished, she says, "I'd be fine. I would have everything that I needed — saving money, everything would be paid, food would be in the house." She's glad to have a lawyer helping her with her case — there's a new hearing date set for July.

Now, if she has a medical issue, "I go to urgent care," she says. "I stay away from Mary Washington."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


8. Embracing Menopause: How To Navigate Post-Reproductive Life
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Description:

Menopause is often a list of bad symptoms or the butt of jokes. But can it also be a source of liberation? Author Darcey Steinke and professor Pauline Maki join Meghna Chakrabarti.



9. 2019/06/25 18:00 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programme... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: The latest five minute news bulletin from BBC World Service.

10. Watch James Blake Perform 'I'll Come Too' Live In Studio
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Description:

KCRW welcomed James Blake as its first live in-studio performer at its new HQ Studio. Blake's meditative sounds and glistening session put a spell over Los Angeles and you can get a taste with "I'll Come Too."

Copyright 2019 KCRW. To see more, visit KCRW.


11. 'Torture Facilities': Eyewitnesses Describe Poor Conditions At Texas Detention Centers For Migrant Children
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Description:

Last week, a pediatrician visited a Texas detention facility for migrant children and says what she saw could be compared to "torture facilities." Host Meghna Chakrabarti hears from professor Elora Mukherjee, physician Dolly Lucio Sevier and the Washington Post's Nick Miroff.



12. Longtime Trump Aide Stephanie Grisham To Be Next White House Press Secretary
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Updated at 3:40 p.m. ET

First lady Melania Trump announced Tuesday that her own spokeswoman, Stephanie Grisham, will take over for Sarah Sanders as White House press secretary.

It's a big step for Grisham, who will also serve as White House communications director. Grisham was an early member of the Trump campaign before joining the administration. While she is not as well-known publicly, Grisham has built a reputation as a faithful defender of the first lady and president.

"She has been with us since 2015 - @potus & I can think of no better person to serve the Administration & our country. Excited to have Stephanie working for both sides of the @WhiteHouse. #BeBest," wrote Melania Trump on Twitter.

According to Melania Trump, Grisham will remain her spokeswoman, meaning she will be press secretary of both the West and East wings of the White House.

The announcement was quickly met with praise from Sanders and several members of the communications team, which President Trump reiterated Tuesday afternoon.

"She actually gets along with the media very well, as you know," the president told reporters. "A lot of folks in the media like her very much. And I think she's going to be fantastic. I think she's going to do a great job."

Still, the announcement raised immediate questions about Grisham's relationship with the media and particularly whether she will reinstate regular news briefings.

It's been 105 days since the White House has held a traditional press briefing.

Grisham has served as press secretary for Melania Trump since 2017 after working as a deputy press secretary for Sean Spicer, the administration's first spokesman. She was also one of the first press aides of the Trump campaign and a member of the Trump transition team. Grisham is a longtime communications operative in Republican politics working largely in Arizona. She also briefly worked on Mitt Romney's presidential campaign.

As press secretary for Melania Trump, Grisham received a nickname of the "enforcer," according to a profile in the Washington Post, for her strong defense of the first lady.

She has not shied away from controversy. When President Trump attacked MSNBC host Mika Brzezinski in 2017 and claimed she was "bleeding badly from a facelift," Grisham offered a statement from the first lady: "When her husband gets attacked, he will punch back 10 times harder."

When then-deputy national security adviser Mira Ricardel clashed with the first lady's staff, Grisham said in a statement, "It is the position of the Office of the First Lady that she no longer deserves the honor of serving in this White House."

Grisham is replacing not only Sanders but also Bill Shine, who left the White House communications director position in March. Sanders has said her last day will be this Friday.

"@StephGrisham45 will be an incredible asset to the President and the country. I'm sad to leave the WH, but so happy to leave our team in such great hands. Stephanie will do a phenomenal job. Proud to have another mom and a great friend in this role," Sanders tweeted.

Former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski, who worked with Grisham on the campaign, called it a "great choice."

"She has been on the #TrumpTrain since Day 1. Big Congrats!!" Lewandoski tweeted.

Grisham did not respond to questions from NPR about whether she would reinstate regular press briefings.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

I am pleased to announce @StephGrisham45 will be the next @PressSec& Comms Director! She has been with us since 2015 - @potus& I can think of no better person to serve the Administration & our country. Excited to have Stephanie working for both sides of the @WhiteHouse. #BeBest

— Melania Trump (@FLOTUS) June 25, 2019

@StephGrisham45 will be an incredible asset to the President and the country. I’m sad to leave the WH, but so happy to leave our team in such great hands. Stephanie will do a phenomenal job. Proud to have another mom and a great friend in this role. https://t.co/OYvwL0E1JU

— Sarah Sanders (@PressSec) June 25, 2019



13. Viking's Choice: Appalachian Juggalo Blues, Psychedelic Black Metal, More
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Description:

Nothing is permanent — these meat sacks we call bodies, the weekly Viking's Choice playlist available on Spotify and Apple Music. Seriously, if you'd been sitting on last week's mix of metal, punk, drone and other misfit music for a late-night sesh, it's gone — like dust in the wind, dude.

Am I going to make an entirely new playlist every week? Maybe. Once upon a time, I was a college radio DJ and lived for the mix. Do I neurotically cram enough music into my ears to sustain such passion? I mean, yes. Case in point: we've now got new jams by goth queen Chelsea Wolfe, the surreal downtempo-pop of Simulation, death metal meatheads Devourment, some unreleased Tangerine Dream and "Blood from a Stone" by Sheer Mag, who reminds us that the best rock and roll being made in America right now is by a bunch of Philly punks.

Per usual, I've been doing high kicks — Jeanne-Claude Van Damme-style — over some Bandcamp finds. I must be on Broadway. (Note: Some of these tracks can only be found on Bandcamp.)

Frank Hurricane, "Susquehanna River Blues"

The positivity that spins throughout Life is Spiritual oozes an off-kilter charm — Frank Hurricane just wants to love someone, and that includes a batch of juggalos in this winding and weird Appalachian blues tale. Honestly, some of the most open-hearted songwriting I've heard in a long time.

Skáphe + Wormlust, "Vaxvængir vonar"

Your mileage may vary (or be completely non-existent) when it comes to black metal made to sound like a collapsing black hole. But this collaboration understands that the darker depths of psychedelia can wield some brilliantly colored nightmares.

Lea Bertucci, "Warp and Weft"

I pretty much always want to hear solo saxophone records made in cavernous tunnels and reverberant rooms. Lea Bertucci plays with the decay of the grain elevator at Silo City in Buffalo, N.Y., like a spinning top that doesn't so much end, but seeps into our spiraling consciousness.

Opaline, "Spirals"

You've jumped through time, a fraught journey immediately soothed by an oblong landscape — where the laws of physics break down to shift shapes and shape sounds into the calm of your new being. Also, there's a sweet synth soundtrack.

Carole Pegg & Radik Tülüsh, "A Gay Goshawk"

Jake Xerxes Fussell, Marisa Anderson and Ami Dang are familiar names on Quilt of the Universe, a cosmic patchwork of a tape compilations from Spinster Sounds. But less known (to me) is this British folksinger/fiddler and Tuvan throat-singer duo, a sedate, bewildering combination of folkloric drone.

Jim O'Rourke, "Sigaretstraat"

Jim O'Rourke may never release a singer-songwriter album again, but regularly drops electronic excavations from the deep abyss. The 37-minute "Sigaretstraat" is a master class in patience, dynamics and sublime dissonance.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


14. Psychiatrist Objects To California Plan To Convert County Jail Into Mental Health Facility
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California’s county jails are some of the nation’s worst: There are a high number of mentally or physically ill inmates and violence against guards is rampant. Now there are plans to convert one of those jails into a mental health treatment center. Here & Now‘s Robin Young talks with psychiatrist Terry Kupers about why he objects to the move.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


15. After Republican Protest, Oregon's Climate Plan Dies
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Updated at 3:13 p.m. ET

Oregon's sweeping plan for addressing climate change this legislative session is dead, Senate President Peter Courtney, a Democrat, announced on the state Senate floor Tuesday morning.

As a walkout by Republican senators over the cap-and-trade bill entered its sixth day — and in an apparent attempt to bring them back — Courtney gave assurances that the bill would die in the Senate chamber.

"What I'm about to say I say of my own free will. No one has told me to say this," Courtney said. "HB 2020 does not have the votes on the Senate floor. That will not change."

He went on to describe a wide array of policy and budget bills that have yet to be passed this session, including funding for the largest agencies in the state.

"This is a remarkable opportunity to finish our work," Courtney said. "Please, senators, come to this floor."

The announcement appears to mark an end to the state's plan to institute a cap-and-trade bill. Whether it will succeed in getting the Republicans back to the building is unclear.

Republican Sen. Cliff Bentz said Tuesday morning he had only just heard of Courtney's announcement and that he had questions about its meaning.

"The question becomes, 'What are they trying to do?' " said Bentz, who is believed to be staying in Idaho while the boycott plays out. "Are they trying to make some sort of arrangement? If they are suggesting they don't have the votes, what's the procedure they're going to use to kill the bill?"

Sen. Tim Knopp, a Republican from Bend, Ore., echoed that confusion.

"We need clarification. What does that mean?" Knopp said. "Does it mean it's dead until the 2020 session? Is the governor going to take it up in a special session?"

Meanwhile, senators who backed the bill appeared livid and declined to speak to reporters on the floor.

The cap-and-trade policy, a plan to cap carbon emissions and make polluters pay for their greenhouse gas production, is a Democratic priority in this year's session.

The party holds 18 of the Senate's 30 seats and so could only afford to lose two votes to muster the 16 needed to pass the bill. Democratic Sen. Betsy Johnson strongly opposed the policy, and Sen. Arnie Roblan, also a Democrat, had indicated he was a possible "no."

As Courtney spoke, supporters of the climate bill got out of their seats in the Senate gallery and turned their backs to him.

"They have the votes. They just don't have the courage," Shilpa Joshi, a 31-year-old climate activist, said afterward. "They are jeopardizing our future."

Copyright 2019 Oregon Public Broadcasting. To see more, visit Oregon Public Broadcasting.


16. New Reporting Delves Into Fate Of Missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
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Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 vanished into the Indian Ocean five years ago. New reporting from The Atlantic finds officials on land know more about what happened than they have said. Here & Now‘s Jeremy Hobson speaks with writer and pilot William Langewiesche about his story.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


17. Florida Lawmaker Calls For Dropping Case Against Woman Who Turned In Estranged Husband's Guns
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A Florida woman was arrested for armed robbery and spent six days in jail after handing over her estranged husband’s weapons, and now a Florida lawmaker is urging prosecutors to drop the case against Courtney Irby. Here & Now‘s Robin Young speaks with The Ledger reporter Gary White (@garywhite13) about the case.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


18. Acting Head Of Customs And Border Protection Plans To Step Down
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Updated at 2:30 p.m. ET

The acting commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection plans to step down in the coming weeks, according to two agency officials.

John Sanders is expected to make his resignation effective July 5, according to the officials, who spoke to NPR on condition of anonymity because an official announcement had not been made to agency employees.

Sanders has held the post for just over two months, after President Trump tapped his predecessor, Kevin McAleenan, to be acting chief of Homeland Security.

Customs and Border Protection has come under fire in recent days amid revelations that nearly 300 migrant children — from infants to 17-year-olds — had been detained in a remote Border Patrol station in West Texas without adequate food, water and sanitation.

All but 30 of the children were transferred out of the center in Clint, Texas, after revelations last week that they were being held in squalid conditions.

Rep. Veronica Escobar, a Democrat who represents the area, said Monday that the children were supposed to have been moved to other facilities. But a CBP official confirmed Tuesday that 100 of those children have been moved back to the same Border Patrol station because there wasn't room in child shelters run by Health and Human Services.

Under the Flores settlement, a 1997 agreement that dictates how the government is supposed to treat detained underage migrants, children held by the Border Patrol are supposed to be transferred into the care of the Office of Refugee Resettlement within 72 hours. But many of the children were held for weeks at the Clint facility, which CBP says is not bound to the 72-hour limit because it is an emergency shelter.

The White House has been urging Congress to approve a supplemental budget request since last month, saying it will run out of money to house and care for migrants by the end of the month.

That additional funding, according to HHS spokeswoman Evelyn Stauffer, would go toward increasing "shelter capacity in order to meet the needs of the minors in our custody while ORR works to find sponsors, usually family members, for the children."

The House is expected to vote Tuesday on a supplemental spending measure that would send money to agencies working to address the needs of migrants arriving at the U.S. border with Mexico.

As NPR's Kelsey Snell reported, last-minute requirements were added to the $4.5 billion legislation that would obligate CBP to establish hygiene and medical standards for children and a 90-day limit on keeping kids in temporary emergency shelters.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


19. The Persistent Appeal Of The 1965 John Williams Novel 'Stoner'
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When the John Williams novel “Stoner” was published in 1965, it sold only a few thousand copies and seemed destined for obscurity. But the book sold over a million copies in Europe and is beloved by a number of literary critics, including Steve Almond, who’s published a new appreciation, “William Stoner and the Battle for the Inner Life.” Here & Now‘s Robin Young talks with Almond (@stevealmondjoy) about the books.

Book Excerpt: ‘William Stoner And The Battle For The Inner Life’

by Steve Almond

In the autumn of 1995, at the age of 28, I abandoned a career in journalism to pursue the dubious goal of writing short stories. My selection of a graduate program was eased considerably by the paucity of my talent. I applied to 20 schools, was admitted to three, and offered financial aid by one, a state university nestled in the polite and muggy suburbs of the south.

I rented a carriage house whose central allure was a gleaming antique bathtub that seemed to portend my future. I yearned to become the sort of writer who spent hours bleeding truth onto the page before collapsing into a scalding soak. Everyone in the program dreamed the same dream. If we worked hard enough, if we read the right books, if we charmed the prevailing mentors, our work would be plucked from the slush pile, gussied up for publication and bound into handsome volumes by the Bad Parents of New York City. At precisely this point, everyone who had ever rejected us would be forced to admit the terrible mistake they had made.

I was particularly inept at disguising my aims, and would eventually become so reviled that the fiction faculty barred me from attending workshops and refused to read my thesis. All that comes later. I mention these circumstances only to suggest my frame of mind when I first encountered Stoner.

This happened a few months into the program, at a party hosted by my friend Dan Belkin. We were getting to know one another with the help of some affable drugs when he asked if I’d ever read Stoner. I eventually discerned that he was referring to a novel, which I assumed would be a tale of hydroponic hi-jinx. It is not. The author, John Williams, begins:

William Stoner entered the University of Missouri as a freshman in the year 1910, at the age of nineteen. Eight years later, during the height of World War I, he received his Doctor of Philosophy degree and accepted an instructorship at the same university, where he taught until his death in 1956. He did not rise above the rank of assistant professor, and few students remembered him with any sharpness after they had taken his course…. Stoner’s colleagues, who held him in no particular esteem when he was alive, speak of him rarely now; to the older ones, his name is a reminder of the end that awaits them all, and to the younger ones it is merely a sound which evokes no sense of the past and no identity with which they can associate themselves or their careers.

To understand how audacious I found this opening, you would have to know how loyal I was, back then, to the dogma of the MFA program, the smothering exhortations to show, don’t tell. Because I lacked confidence in the stories I was trying to write, because those stories were at best half-formed, I reliably plunged my readers into the consciousness of some poor schlub in the midst of an unspecified crisis. I assumed this chaos would beguile readers, that they would hunger for all the facts I withheld from them. I was writing almost entirely out of my insecurity, which explained the inflamed prose, the preposterous plot twists, and glib dialogue.

It wasn’t just the flat expository style of Stoner that flummoxed me. Williams had opened his novel by drily announcing the insignificance of his protagonist. I assumed the point of literature was to document the lives of the driven and depraved, the lawless and lust-riven, in short: the memorable.

It hadn’t occurred to me that the story of every life is, from a cosmic perspective, one of obscurity. You are alive for some brief span, then you die. The great mirage of human consciousness is that our striving deeds will render us immortal. It might be said that I had confused literature with history, which serves as the de facto press office of the infamous. This confusion redounded to my own corrupt ambitions. I wanted from literature to be known by the world. I had missed the point: Literature exists to help people know themselves.

None of this occurred to me on that first night. I remember only that I read Stoner in a spell, and that I wept a good deal, inexplicably though not unhappily.

The novel’s central events can be summarized in a single sentence: Stoner, the only son of subsistence farmers, attends college, unexpectedly falls in love with literature, and becomes a teacher; he endures a disastrous marriage, a prolonged academic feud, and a doomed love affair, then falls ill and dies.

The book refuses to hurtle Stoner toward a traditional conception of heroism. He does not fight in a war or launch a doomed expedition. He does not ascend the ranks or vanquish his foes or risk all for love. He is often excruciatingly passive, constrained by the conventions of his age and the inhibitions of his character. Stoner enthralls precisely because it captures with unbearable fidelity the moments of internal tumult that mark every human life.

Sometimes these are moments of regret or guilt or disappointment. Just as often they are moments of ecstatic revelation. The first of these occurs his sophomore year in college, during a required survey of English literature. To this point, the course has bedeviled Stoner. He reads and rereads the assignments but can find no meaning in the words. Toward the end of one class, his professor, an imperious figure named Archer Sloane, reads Shakespeare’s 73rd Sonnet and demands to know what Stoner makes of it.

The poem is genuinely bewildering. The basic idea, barely visible beneath a tangle of naturalistic metaphor and vexing pronouns, is that our apprehension of mortality should inspire us to cherish the world of our youth. Stoner sits, awkwardly wedged into his wooden desk. The professor reads the poem again, this time tenderly, “as if the words and sounds and rhythms had for a moment become himself.”

Stoner can summon no words, but the world around him suddenly takes on a phantasmagoric intensity. Light slants from the windows and settles upon the faces of his fellow students. He watches one blink and notices as a thin shadow falls upon a cheek “whose down has caught the sunlight.” Stoner marvels at the intricacy of his hands. He feels the blood flowing invisibly through his arteries. For several minutes after the others have left he sits dazed. He wanders the campus, taking in “the bare gnarled branches of the trees curled and twisted against the pale sky.” He regards his fellow students curiously, “as if he had not seen them before, and felt very distant from them and very close to them.”

The compression of sensual detail makes this passage read like a reverie, but something quite simple is happening: William Stoner is suddenly paying attention to his life.

It took me several years to absorb the essential lesson of Stoner, which is a precise repudiation of the idea I clung to back then. What matters is not the quality of a particular life, but the quality of attention paid to that life.

Excerpted from the book WILLIAM STONER AND THE BATTLE FOR THE INNER LIFE by Steve Almond. Copyright © 2019 by Steve Almond. Republished with permission of Ig Publishing.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


20. Maryland Law Aims To Identify Reading Disorders Early. Does It Go Far Enough?
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A new law in Maryland is designed to help school districts identify students with reading disorders at a young age, and offer special instruction. But some parents, and dyslexia and reading experts say the law doesn’t go far enough. WAMU education reporter Jenny Abamu (@JennyAbamu) has the story.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


21. Iran Ramps Up Rhetoric Against U.S. Following New Sanctions
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Iran sharply criticized new U.S. sanctions targeting the Islamic Republic’s supreme leader and other top officials Tuesday, saying the measures spell the “permanent closure” for diplomacy between the two nations. Here & Now‘s Jeremy Hobson talks with CNN senior international correspondent Frederik Pleitgen (@fpleitgenCNN) in Tehran.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


22. 2019/06/25 17:00 GMT
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Description: The latest five minute news bulletin from BBC World Service.

23. Catholic School Fires Gay Teacher To Stay In Indianapolis Archdiocese
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A Catholic high school in Indianapolis says it has decided to fire a gay teacher to remain in the local archdiocese.

In a letter to the community, leaders of Cathedral High School said they had been in talks with the Archdiocese of Indianapolis for 22 months before deciding to cut ties with the teacher.

"Archbishop [Charles] Thompson made it clear that Cathedral's continued employment of a teacher in a public, same-sex marriage would result in our forfeiting our Catholic identity due to our employment of an individual living in contradiction to Catholic teaching on marriage," the letter states.

The school's president and chairman of the board wrote that if the unnamed teacher remained employed, the 100-year-old school would lose its nonprofit status and would no longer be able to perform Catholic sacraments.

A statement from the archdiocese said the "issue is not about sexual orientation; rather, it is about our expectation that all personnel inside a Catholic school — who are ministers of the faith — abide by all Church teachings, including the nature of marriage," as member station WFYI reported.

"We hope that this action does not dishearten you," the school's letter states. It's clear, though, that many members of the community were upset by the decision to terminate the teacher. A change.org petition objecting to the move has received nearly 10,000 signatures.

Cathedral graduate Maureen Kesterson-Yates, who helped start that petition, told WFYI that other teachers were also speaking out. "I know that there have been a few teachers that have released statements about how, you know, I've been divorced once and I haven't gotten my previous marriage annulled, or I live with somebody but we're not married," she said.

This is actually the second Indianapolis-area school that has faced this kind of decision this week — but Brebeuf Jesuit Preparatory School made the opposite choice.

"Brebeuf Jesuit has respectfully declined the Archdiocese's insistence and directive that we dismiss a highly capable and qualified teacher due to the teacher being a spouse within a civilly-recognized same-sex marriage," school leaders said in a statement to the community.

In doing so, the Brebeuf leaders said, they understood that the archdiocese would no longer recognize it as a Catholic school.

However, Brebeuf's situation appears to be somewhat different from Cathedral's because it is an independent Catholic Jesuit school. Brebeuf says that means it will maintain its Catholic identity and that Jesuit priests will still be able to perform the Catholic sacraments.

Brebeuf's leadership described the archdiocese's involvement in such an employment matter as "unprecedented."

"The issue of Catholic school teachers in same sex marriages and how that relates to Catholic teachings is not unique to Indianapolis, although this archdiocese does appear to be more aggressive about it than others around the country," the Indianapolis Star reported. "Just why is unclear."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


24. The Great Slack Debate
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John Herrman, media reporter for The New York Times, talks about the rise of Slack in American offices and whether the chat-based communication system is changing office culture for better or for worse. Plus, your calls if you’re a Slack fan or can’t stand it. 

I love Slack however, Slack now integrates with many many platforms for HR and beyond that is big brother ish. I think we should all go back to AIM chat for work purposes.

— Tricia MacKenzie (@triciamackenzie) June 25, 2019

25. Slack Shares Soar After Workplace Communications App Goes Public
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The workplace communications app Slack is on the rise, and its shares soared after the company went public last week. Here & Now‘s Robin Young speaks with Rani Molla (@ranimolla), data editor for Recode, about the success of the tech company.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


26. Trump Says 'Any Attack' By Iran Would Be Met With 'Overwhelming Force'
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President Trump is threatening to use "overwhelming force" against Iran, after Tehran lashed out at the U.S. over the latest round of sanctions against the regime.

"Any attack by Iran on anything American will be met with great and overwhelming force. In some areas, overwhelming will mean obliteration," Trump tweeted.

Trump's comments come after weeks of escalating confrontations between the U.S. and Tehran, culminating in Iran's downing of a U.S. drone last week.

While Trump backed off of a potential military strike on Iran, the White House moved forward with sanctions against Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Monday.

That move sparked outrage from Iran.

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said the sanctions were "outrageous and idiotic." Another Iranian official said the sanctions had permanently closed the door to diplomacy.

Trump's rhetoric about Iran frequently careens from aggressive to conciliatory. In May, Trump said he was not seeking regime change in Iran and that he was hopeful that negotiations with the regime could begin.

Over the weekend, Trump talked to reporters about his respect for the Iranian people and his hopes for the country.

"Hopefully, we can get Iran back onto an economic track that's fantastic, where they're a really wealthy nation, which would be a wonderful thing," Trump said Saturday. "All those things, I want to do. But if they're going to be foolish, that's never going to happen."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


27. Comic Ramy Youssef On Being An 'Allah Carte' Muslim: 'You Sit In Contradictions'
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In the semi-autobiographical Hulu series Ramy, comic Ramy Youssef plays a first-generation Muslim American who follows some — but not all — of the rules of his religion. Youssef, whose parents immigrated from Egypt, also co-created the series. He says he can relate to his character's "picking and choosing" approach to his faith.

"Sometimes we would call it 'Allah carte,' " he says. "There's the people who are like, 'OK, I'm going to have sex, but I'm not going to drink,' then there's the people who are like, 'No way am I having sex, but let's do acid on Saturday.' Everyone has a code, and I think that that transcends any specific culture or faith."

Youssef adds: "You sit in contradictions, and that has been the space that I'm trying to navigate. And that's kind of the space that I bring to the work."

Youssef says he feels pressure with the series — and with his work as a stand-up comic — to provide a realistic portrait of the Arab Muslim experience. "In terms of positive media, there's not really a lot. In terms of nuance, there's even less, so there is this weight that kind of sits on something that comes from someone like me, and there's an anxiety that comes with that," he says.

His new stand-up special, Ramy Youssef: Feelings, premieres on HBO on June 29.

Interview Highlights

On wanting to have his character be pushed to rethink his beliefs

I think the whole point of this show, the whole point of stand-up to me, the design of it, is to interrogate my character. I've always been really turned off by a show where you're kind of just rooting for someone regardless of the stupid things that they do, or regardless of how their ego is clearly driving what they're doing. From the onset ... we really wanted to challenge our main character.

On how both he and his character go to visit family in Egypt after the revolution and are disappointed when they don't feel the connection they expect

I remember going and feeling like I wanted to find some answers and, like, I wanted to reconnect with my culture. And then you go, and you go to a restaurant and all the menus are in English. You can't even find one in Arabic because there is this obsession with seeming like they're a Westernized, rich [country]. ... There's this attitude of not wanting to talk about certain things that I felt like I wanted to talk about. But I realized that was me projecting what I wanted from people who've been through something that I couldn't even understand. I do feel like a lot of people who are kids of immigrants put that on where they come from.

On how Sept. 11 affected him and his perception of his culture and religion

I don't know if it was that day. I felt it slowly occur over the next two years. ... You see your faith, and you see names that sound like yours, and you see that it's tied to the country your family comes from, and you start hearing this narrative and you don't know a lot of people that are of your culture. ... Again, you're the minority and the only thing you see in the media is your experience being painted a certain way, and so that creates an insecurity that creates an internal dialogue. Are they right? Is that true? And you don't have the confidence at 11, at 12 ... you don't have these world-class answers about your faith and about the history of colonialism that you can spit out to explain anything.

On some of his early auditions in Hollywood

I would get a lot of roles for the ethnic friend and then I would go in for that and not be ethnic enough. They wanted an Indian accent. They wanted something more very visually, clearly specific. And then I would get the terrorist roles. ... I remember even going in for them. I wish I could say I got [the role] and called my agent and said, "Never!" I went in for one or two and they would just be like, "Yeah, we don't believe this. You don't have the vibe." There's nothing worse than that. You were down to do it and then ... they're like, "Yeah, we're not going to let you sell out your people, because we don't believe it." I realized pretty quickly that I was gonna have to figure out my own thing.

On whether it's important to him to marry someone who is also Muslim

It's a question of the series, but it's also one that lives within me — and I think with a lot of people who are first-gen immigrants — which is, what do you want to build? Do you want to hold on to your language? Do you want to hold on to your faith? It's going to be harder if you and your partner are different, foundationally, like that. Like, how is a kid supposed to learn Arabic? I mean, you could, but it's just easier, you know? And so, kind of figuring out what are you going to prioritize? Is it carrying that on? Is it just true love? And for me, I reached the point where I know the way I live my life is not conventional, and so I feel like whatever relationship I do end up in is also not going to be conventional. So I don't operate from feeling like I have to be with someone who is Muslim, or the other way around. But posing that question was really important. ... Where I've arrived at now is that I'm open. But my character certainly has not arrived there, and he's really trying to figure that out.

Heidi Saman and Seth Kelley produced and edited this interview for broadcast. Bridget Bentz, Molly Seavy-Nesper and Beth Novey adapted it for the Web.

Copyright 2019 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.


28. FedEx Sues Commerce Department Over Crackdown On Huawei
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FedEx has filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Commerce Department over its crackdown on the Chinese telecommunications company Huawei. Here & Now‘s Robin Young speaks with MSNBC’s Ali Velshi (@AliVelshi), co-host of “Velshi & Ruhle,” on how this ban is affecting FedEx’s business.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


29. Stonewall 50: Help StoryCorps Preserve The Voices Of LGBTQ Elders
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This week marks the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots. The violence that followed a police raid in 1969 at the Stonewall Inn in New York helped spark the movement for LGBTQ rights. In honor of the anniversary, StoryCorps is asking people to record stories of LGBTQ elders. Here & Now‘s Jeremy Hobson speaks with StoryCorps founder Dave Isay about the project.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


30. FedEx Sues U.S. Commerce Department Over Export Controls In Huawei Dispute
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FedEx has been caught in the crossfire in the conflict between the Trump administration and China's Huawei Technologies. Now, the giant shipper is suing the U.S. Commerce Department to block the agency from enforcing export regulations against FedEx.

"FedEx is a transportation company, not a law enforcement agency," the company said in a statement announcing the lawsuit on Monday.

The lawsuit, which also names Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, does not mention Huawei, the world's largest supplier of telecom equipment. But FedEx has become embroiled in the dispute between the U.S. and China over trade and Huawei, and China is reportedly investigating FedEx over misdelivered Huawei packages.

The Trump administration has been pushing other countries to drop Huawei as a supplier of key networking equipment, including the next-generation 5G wireless phone system. The U.S. says it believes Huawei could use its technology to spy on behalf of the Chinese government, a charge that Huawei has repeatedly denied.

In its lawsuit, FedEx says U.S. export regulations "essentially deputize FedEx to police the contents of the millions of packages it ships daily even though doing so is a virtually impossible task, logistically, economically, and in many cases, legally." FedEx says it receives about 15 million packages per day for shipment and its system spans more than 220 countries and territories.

"To comply with the Export Controls," the lawsuit says, "FedEx screens the names and addresses of its shippers and the designated recipients prior to delivering any package in order to identify whether the sender and/or recipient are an entity or person" on the Commerce Department's "entity list" of persons that could pose risks to U.S. national security or foreign policy interests.

In a statement to NPR on Tuesday, the Commerce Department said: "We have not yet reviewed the complaint, but nevertheless look forward to defending Commerce's role in protecting U.S. national security."

FedEx says it faces substantial penalties — criminal penalties of up to $1 million and civil penalties of $300,000 per violation. That puts FedEx "between a rock and a hard place — absent the availability of review, FedEx must either forgo lawful activity because of its well-founded fear of prosecution, or willfully violate the Export Controls, thereby subjecting itself to criminal prosecution and punishment," the suit says. It also says that "requiring FedEx to indiscriminately inspect every package abroad could place" the company in violation of privacy laws.

The suit adds that the export controls require "considerably more screening than possible from common carriers like FedEx." Matthew O'Connor, a spokesman for UPS, told NPR on Tuesday that UPS "continues to follow government directives in the markets where the company operates. UPS will not join the lawsuit filed by FedEx."

On May 15, the Commerce Department placed Huawei on the entity list, saying there was a "reasonable basis to conclude" that the Chinese company "is engaged in activities that are contrary to U.S. national security or foreign policy interest." That essentially prevents the transfer of American technology to Huawei without a special license.

Google said it would stop supporting Android devices for phones made by Huawei, the world's second-largest supplier of smartphones, because the Chinese company was on Commerce's list.

Then on May 20, the Commerce Department issued a 90-day delay to give companies doing business with Huawei time to make "other arrangements."

On June 1, FedEx said its relationships with Huawei and all of FedEx's customers in China "are important to us. FedEx holds itself to a very high standard of service. FedEx will fully cooperate with any regulatory investigation into how we serve our customers."

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


31. 'Ask Again, Yes' Is A Profound Yet Unpretentious Family Drama
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Mary Beth Keane's new novel is called Ask Again, Yes.

What's itcalled again?

That's what everyone I've raved to about this book has said to me a couple of minutes after I've told them the title. It's one of those delicate titles that instantly goes poof! into the air; but that's the only strike there is against Keane's novel which is, otherwise, one of the most unpretentiously profound books I've read in a long time.

Ask Again, Yes opens up in 1973 in New York City. Books about the dilapidated New York of the '70s and '80s have been having "a moment" ever since Patti Smith's memoir, Just Kids, was published in 2010 and, though Keane's novel, which takes place far away from Smith's punk hangouts, goes on to span 40 years, its opening scene of a city gone haywire sets the emotional mood for the story that follows.

Two rookie cops, an Irish immigrant named Francis Gleeson and his partner, Brian Stanhope, are on foot patrol in the Bronx when they answer a call about an armed robbery in progress at a nearby bodega. When they arrive they find the owner lying dead in a pool of blood. Francis, who's a sensitive young guy, is overwhelmed for a minute by the career he's pretty much just fallen into. He reflects that:

"There was no predicting where life would go. There was no real way for a person to try something out, [just] see if he liked it — the words he'd chosen when he told his uncle ... that he'd gotten into the police academy — because you try it and try it and try it a little longer and next thing it's who you are. One minute he'd been standing in a bog on the other side of the Atlantic and the next thing he knew he was a cop. In America. In the worst neighborhood of the best known city in the world.

Francis' meditation on how a series of happenstances solidify into a life is what Keane so beautifully dramatizes in Ask Again, Yes. Both young cops get married and within a few years wind up living next door to each other in a suburb just north of the city. Two of their kids become close, but the couples don't, mostly because Brian's wife, a nurse named Anne, is "off," in a way nobody has the therapeutic language at that time to grasp. Then, about 20 years into the story, a horrible incident takes place. And the world that solidified by happenstance for Francis and all the other characters here, blows apart in the same way.

By switching perspective in every chapter, so that the narrative moves forward through the voice and world view of almost every member of the two families here, Keane develops her characters far beyond glib stereotypes. There's Francis, his shrewd Italian-Polish wife, Lena, and Kate, the youngest of their three daughters, who's been joined at the hip since childhood with Peter, the Stanhope's neglected son.

And then there's Anne, living with mental illness: In a jittery and terrifying scene that weds the mundane to the mad, we enter into Anne's mind on New Year's Eve 1990, when she makes a trip to the local supermarket deli counter, takes her number, waits, and, then, with mounting rage, comes to believe that everyone else in the supermarket is in cahoots to prevent her from buying her cold cuts.

Though Keane is younger than most of her characters, she writes with deep familiarity and precision about the lives of this particular generation of blue-collar Catholic New Yorkers. (And by the way, this was the geography, concrete and cultural, that I was born into, so I know whereof I speak.) In particular, Keane "gets" the power of silence that was, back then, the universal antidote for dealing with all manner of so-called "embarrassing" personal problems, from mental illness to alcoholism.

As a writer, Keane reminds me a lot of Ann Patchett: Both have the magical ability to seem to be telling "only" a closely-observed domestic tale that transforms into something else deep and, yes, universal. In Keane's case, that "something else" is a story about forgiveness and acceptance — qualities that sound gooey, but are so hard to achieve in life.

And, in the final moments of this modestly magnificent novel, even that blah title of Ask Again, Yes is ingeniously redeemed.

Copyright 2019 Fresh Air. To see more, visit Fresh Air.


32. Democratic Presidential Contenders Set To Face Off In First Primary Debates
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Description:

Twenty presidential contenders will square off in Miami on Wednesday and Thursday for the first Democratic primary debates. Around this time four years ago, a celebrity billionaire ruffled feathers in primary debates, only to eventually beat out every other challenger. Here & Now‘s Robin Young discusses the impact of primary debates with  Julian Zelizer (@julianzelizer), professor of history and public affairs at Princeton University and a CNN political analyst.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


33. U.S. Moves 249 Migrant Children From Texas Detention Facility
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The federal government has moved 249 migrant children out of a detention center in Clint, Texas, after growing criticism over living conditions at the facility. Here & Now‘s Jeremy Hobson talks with Julián Aguilar (@nachoaguilar), a reporter with The Texas Tribune, for the latest.

This article was originally published on WBUR.org.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


34. 2019/06/25 16:00 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programme... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: The latest five minute news bulletin from BBC World Service.

35. Richard Reed Parry: The musician draws from his family's folk music past on new solo album
https://www.cbc.ca/podcasting/... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: Arcade Fire's Richard Reed Parry performs and talks about his new solo album, Quiet River of Dust.

36. Emily Nussbaum: The Pulitzer-winning critic on the evolution of TV and the shows that changed her life
https://www.cbc.ca/podcasting/... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: In her new collection of essays, I Like To Watch, Emily Nussbaum examines the evolution of TV and how notions of highbrow and lowbrow are changing.

37. Emily Nussbaum, Richard Reed Parry and more 25/06/2019 [Full episode]
https://www.cbc.ca/podcasting/... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: Pulitzer-winning critic Emily Nussbaum discusses the evolution of TV and the shows that changed her life. Our books columnist Jael Richardson fills us in on a new book to check out: Bunny by Canadian novelist Mona Awad. Chali-Rosso Art Gallery director Oree Gianacopoulos talks about the impact of an art theft in downtown Vancouver concerning a $2.8 million bronze sculpture by Salvador Dali. Arcade Fire's Richard Reed Parry talks about drawing from his family's folk music past for his latest solo project, Quiet River of Dust.

38. What to Do About the Border; Queens D.A. Primary Day; Prejudice and Pride: 1989 and the AIDS Epidemic; The Great Slack Debate
http://www.wnyc.org/story/the-... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

Coming up on today's show:

Kathleen Kingsbury, deputy editorial page editor at The New York Times, talks about the current situation at the border and The Times’ editorial urging action by individuals.Christine Chung, The City Queens reporter, talks about what's at stake as Queens voters go to the polls.Peter Staley, HIV/AIDS activist, former member of ACT-UP NY and founder of the Treatment Action Group, discusses his work as an activist for the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power — or ACT UP — in 1989 and how the epidemic impacted the LGBTQ rights movement.John Herrman, media reporter for The New York Times, talks about the rise of Slack in American offices and whether the chat-based communication system is changing office culture for better or for worse. Plus, your calls if you’re a Slack fan or can’t stand it.

39. Emma Cline Reads "Son of Friedman"
http://www.wnyc.org/story/emma... download (audio/mpeg, 33.62Mb)

Description:

Emma Cline reads her story from the July 1, 2019, issue of the magazine. Cline's first novel, "The Girls," was published in 2016. She is a winner of The Paris Review's Plimpton Prize, and was named one of Granta's Best Young American Novelists, in 2017.



40. Jenny Lewis, The Newark Museum Black Film Festival, A New Collection from Emily Nussbaum, 'All My Sons', Yuna
http://www.wnyc.org/story/all-... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

Musician Jenny Lewis on her career. The director and CEO of the Newark Museum, Linda Harrison, gives a preview of the Newark Museum Black Film Festival. A rebroadcast of our interview with "United Skates" director and producer Tina Brown. A new "Kate Has a Plan" with WNYC planning editor Kate Hinds. New Yorker television critic Emily Nussbaum on her new collection of essays, I Like To Watch. A rebroadcast of our interview with actors Annette Bening and Benjamin Walker about starring in the Arthur Miller play "All My Sons." Singer-songwriter Yuna performs. 



41. Prejudice and Pride: 1989 and the AIDS Epidemic
http://www.wnyc.org/story/prej... download (audio/mpeg, 32.90Mb)

Description:

Peter Staley, HIV/AIDS activist, former member of ACT-UP NY and founder of the Treatment Action Group, discusses his work as an activist for the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power — or ACT UP — in 1989 and how the epidemic impacted the LGBTQ rights movement.



42. What You Need to Know About The Queens D.A. Primary
http://www.wnyc.org/story/quee... download (audio/mpeg, 21.59Mb)

Description:

Christine Chung, The City Queens reporter, talks about what's at stake as Queen voters go to the polls. 

@BrianLehrer I think the difference between sex work and human trafficking and each candidates stance on that should be highlighted.

— Amanda Clegg Lyon (@cleggie32) June 25, 2019

43. For These Young, Nontraditional College Students, Adulting Is A Requirement
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They are early risers and hard workers. They have a "talent for struggling through" and the determination that follows. Some are the first in their family to go to college — or even graduate from high school — and many are financially independent from their parents. They're often struggling to pay for rent, groceries and transportation while taking classes. And that means working while in school — in retail, on campus or even with a lawn care business.

Meet the "nontraditional" college students of today. Though they are among the estimated 12.3 million students who are under 25 years old, their lives look very different from the "typical" student we see in movies and TV.

The stories below offer a glimpse into their lives and the challenges they face.

Elissa Nadworny, NPR

Eric Ramos, 19, San Antonio

Eric Ramos says he's been poor all his life. His mom always told him, "Go to school. You'll be better off," and he says that's what he's doing. But it hasn't been easy.

Ramos is the youngest of three brothers and is the first in his family to graduate from high school. He lives in San Antonio with his mom and one of his brothers, and he also helps support them.

"I'm paying the light bill," Ramos says. "I pay half the rent bill; some grocery bills. I have to give money to my mom because she needs it. I have to pay for my car."

In the fall, when he first enrolled in San Antonio College, he thought he'd be able to handle three classes and a full-time job at a sporting goods store.

But in the first few weeks of class, Ramos, 19, fell behind. He got sick and missed a couple days — the same days his instructors talked about online assignments. He says he didn't learn about those assignments until a month into the semester. When he finally logged into the online portal, he had several zeros in the grade book.

"I was really failing the class with like a 30[%]," Ramos says, sitting on a bench outside the campus library. "I was kind of frustrated because I wasn't told. But that's my fault because I missed two days of school. That's kind of a lot for college."

He says if he'd known how important those first few weeks were, he would have gone to class even though he was sick.

After that, Ramos says he reduced his hours at work and managed to raise his grades enough to pass.

He plans to get a certificate in information technology and find a higher-paying job in tech support, then keep working and going to school until he has an associate's degree in cybersecurity.

Ramos says he still isn't sure if he likes college, but he sees it as the best way to help his family financially.

"I want more because I've lived through it: I know what it's like to be homeless and not have any money at all and nothing to eat for about two days."

He also wants to fulfill his family's hopes for him.

"The pressure's on me," he says. "They think I'm going to be the one who makes it out."

Camille Phillips, Texas Public Radio

Bailey Nowak, 21, Laramie, Wyo.

Bailey Nowak has been running her own lawn care business since she was 12 years old. The income from that job put Nowak, 21, through two years at a community college in her hometown of Cheyenne, Wyo.

But in the fall, when she transferred to the University of Wyoming for a bachelor's in business and marketing, she discovered her seasonal earnings wouldn't go as far.

In Cheyenne, tuition was low and Nowak lived with her parents. In Laramie, tuition went up and there was rent to pay. She had to take a second job on campus, helping other students write resumes and prepare for job interviews.

Neither of Nowak's parents went to college. She says they backed her decision to go but couldn't support her financially, so she's been paying for it on her own. She's proud of her ability to take care of herself, but she knows she's missing out. She sees how easy it is for friends who don't work to get involved with student clubs and networking opportunities — things she struggles to find the time for.

If she didn't have to work, she says, "I'd be able to have a college experience like other students."

That might have been possible with more help from a state-funded scholarship. To qualify, high schoolers have to meet certain ACT and GPA requirements. Nowak believes she missed out on thousands of dollars because she didn't study for the ACT. She says, at the time, she just didn't know what was at stake.

She remembers hearing about the scholarship in eighth grade, but it didn't come up again until she was applying to community college. And that was too late to bring her ACT score up by the two points she needed to get the most out of the scholarship.

"[They] should have told the juniors ... higher ACT scores meant higher scholarship money," Nowak says, with a hint of frustration. "That would have helped me out."

Looking back, she says being a first-generation college student put her at a disadvantage. She thinks about a friend whose parents had gone to college. "They prepped her so hard for the ACT," Nowak says. "She did nightly study; she had to go to teachers."

Despite all the challenges, Nowak says, "I'm right where I need to be." She still received the scholarship, but a lesser amount. She's on track to graduate a semester early in December 2020, and she's eyeing internships in real estate back in Cheyenne for when she's done. Eventually, she'd like to use her degree to expand her lawn care business.

Tennessee Watson, Wyoming Public Media

Diana Platas, 21, Houston

Since as far back as she can remember, Diana Platas has wanted to be an immigration attorney. She says she was inspired by something she saw on Univision: a lawyer who helped undocumented immigrant families in the U.S. Those families looked a lot like her own.

Platas, 21, is a DREAMer — her parents emigrated from Monterrey, Mexico, to Houston when she was 2. She was the first in her family to finish high school — neither of her parents made it past middle school — and in December, she became the first to earn a college degree after finishing her bachelor's in political science a year and a half early.

But getting that college degree wasn't easy.

"Being first-gen, just getting to college itself is a challenge because you don't know how to prepare for it," Platas says. And as she was learning the process, she also had to explain it to her parents.

Then there was the money. Her parents have blue-collar jobs and as a DREAMer, she couldn't apply for federal financial aid, just state aid. That's why, in high school, her parents sat her down at the kitchen table and asked her to drop her plans for college.

"They couldn't afford it and didn't want me to get excited about it," Platas remembers.

She was crushed — until a cousin told her about a more affordable option: the University of Houston-Downtown, a public university with no dorms that primarily enrolls students of color. She applied and received a full-ride merit scholarship for students who start as freshmen.

Platas had taken community college classes in high school, but she says navigating the university campus, registering for classes, applying for state financial aid — it was all new and overwhelming.

"I was afraid, scared. It was a different experience. But I felt welcomed here, and the faculty I met within the first few weeks of orientation made me feel more prepared."

Platas studied full time. Like many of her classmates, she lived at home with her family and had a part-time job.

In 2017, after Hurricane Harvey, her home flooded and she had to rely on friends and family for a place to stay. All the moving around made it hard to focus on schoolwork, and Platas sometimes slept on the sofa in the student government office so she could get things done.

Now that she's graduated, Platas hopes to start law school in the fall. She says one thing she learned while getting her degree was to just start doing it, and not think too much about the limitations.

"Sometimes we're scared because of being first-gen or our legal status or economic status," she says. "It's important to take that first step."

Laura Isensee, Houston Public Media

Kim Embe, 19, Harrisonburg, Va.

Most mornings, James Madison University freshman Kim Embe wakes up before the sun and goes to the gym or runs outside.

"It actually makes me feel really productive starting off the day," Embe says. "When I don't do it I get really anxious."

In her first class of the day, her hand shoots up to answer just about every question, and she takes meticulous, handwritten notes, alternating between pencil and colored pens. (She has a system.)

Embe, 19, is also the president of her dorm, a member of the campus vegan club and volunteers in her community. She plans on interning at a women's shelter and currently works part time as a peer counselor for the university's financial aid department. In that job, Embe answers parent and student questions about how to finance an education.

Meanwhile, she tries not to stress out about her own finances.

Embe became homeless in her senior year of high school, when things got tough at home. She started living with friends and eventually got connected with a support system and a school social worker. That social worker helped her apply to college as an independent. Thanks to a combination of scholarships and financial aid, Embe has a full ride at James Madison.

But she's pretty much on her own when it comes to expenses outside of school. Embe worked a couple of jobs before starting college, and she saved up to pay her phone bill and car insurance.

"It's a little hard because I don't have extra spending money just laying around," she says.

But she believes that independence has given her a leg up over other freshmen.

"A lot of people didn't know how to do stuff by themselves. A surprising number of people couldn't do laundry by themselves or they didn't know what it was like to have to get a job."

Making friends has been another matter. Embe broke up with her boyfriend the day before moving into her dorm, and it was hard to get close to people after that.

"I wouldn't talk to anyone. ... I was like, I'm never going to get better, I'm never going to open up to anyone."

And the popularity of Greek life at James Madison didn't make things any easier. Embe is African American at a school where 22% are students of color, and she says it was hard to relate to many of her peers. But she hit it off with two students she met through a university roommate search. Both of those students want to become teachers, and Embe says they connected because of their shared goal of helping kids. They plan to live together off-campus this fall.

In the meantime, Embe is working toward a degree in social work and hopes to go to grad school. Once she graduates, she says she'd like to join the Peace Corps and wants to find a way to help kids in difficult situations — kids like her.

Megan Pauly, WCVE

Evan Spencer, 25, Montpelier, Vt.

When Evan Spencer was in high school, there were really only two options for post-graduation life: "You were either going to college or vocational school, or ... I don't know what."

That social pressure to sign up for more schooling — Spencer rebuffed it. After graduation, he started working at a local Italian restaurant, bussing tables at first and eventually becoming a server. But after a few years, he couldn't see a future — what was around him felt permanent in a way it hadn't before.

"I think to get out of those loops, you have to get an education," he says. So he signed up for classes at his local branch of the Community College of Vermont. He lived at home — just a short drive away — and took classes full-time. He was only in his early twenties, but very aware that he hadn't come straight from high school. "It can be a painful process to grow and to learn," he says, "when you're in class with an 18-year-old ... you can see the person you used to be."

He paid for classes from the money he had earned working after high school — and he got involved in campus clubs, extracurriculars and internships. He hadn't been as enthused in high school, but college felt different.

"It teaches you about yourself," Spencer says. "When you're going to school, you're learning so much more than just schoolwork. You're learning life skills, you're learning how to connect to people, you're learning what other people think of the world around you."

This month, Spencer graduated with his associate degree. He's planning on attending Paul Smith's College in the fall to get his bachelor's degree in fisheries and wildlife management.

Graduation, he says, was a real sense of accomplishment, strangely mixed with this apprehension of what's to come. It's as if he's, "coming to the edge of a new jump," he says. "It's like an odd checkpoint of, 'Nice job. Keep going!' "

Elissa Nadworny, NPR

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


44. Florida Deciding Whether To Prosecute Woman Who Turned In Estranged Husband's Guns
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A Florida prosecutor is deciding whether to pursue charges against a woman who turned in her husband's guns to local police while he was in jail on a domestic violence charge.

On June 14, Courtney Irby left a divorce proceeding in Polk County, according to local media. In the parking lot, her estranged husband allegedly rammed his car into her vehicle and ran her off the road. Joseph Irby, 35, was arrested on a domestic violence aggravated battery charge and released on $10,000 bail the next day.

While he was in custody, Courtney Irby, 32, allegedly broke into his home and left with his assault rifle and handgun. Then she turned them into the Lakeland Police Department.

"So you are telling me you committed armed burglary?" a police officer asked her, according to local media reports citing a police affidavit.

Police arrested her and charged her with two counts of grand theft of a firearm and one count of armed burglary. She spent six days in jail and got out on $7,000 bond last Thursday.

Her family says that Courtney Irby, who goes by her middle name Taylor, took the weapons to police out of fear for her and her children's safety. "My sister was hysterical," Haley Burke told a local news site. "She knew that this just poked the bear, and he would be coming after her."

Citing court documents, the news site reported that Joseph Irby accused his wife of showing aggression during their divorce proceedings and said she had taken a third firearm that he said was not handed over to police.

News of her arrest sparked outrage and got the attention of state Rep. Anna Eskamani, D-Orlando. Eskamani sent a letter to Polk County State Attorney Brian Haas requesting that he not prosecute Courtney Irby.

"Prosecuting Ms. Irby sets a scary precedent that if someone seeks help to escape abuse, they will be punished for it," Eskamani wrote. "Court records show that Ms. Irby applied for a temporary injunction against her husband, and the two were in the process of a divorce. When the officers contacted the husband, who was still in the Polk County Jail, he insisted they press charges."

Haas has yet to reach a decision. "As of today, we are still awaiting various reports, statements and other documentation to be submitted from the Lakeland Police Department," he said in a statement emailed to NPR on Tuesday morning. Haas said that when his office has all the information, it will "expeditiously" decide what, if any, charges should be filed. That decision is expected to come within 21 days of her arrest on June 15, a spokesperson told NPR.

The Lakeland Police Department did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Police Chief Ruben Garcia defended his department's actions to local news station WFLA. "We have to safeguard every citizen's rights," Garcia said. "When a case is brought to us, we have to look at all sides of the cases and come to the fairest conclusion we can for everyone involved."

In her letter, Eskamani notes that:

"In 35 states, state law does not prohibit all people convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence crimes and all people subject to restraining orders from buying or using guns. While domestic abusers in those states cannot possess guns under federal law, local law enforcement and prosecutors do not have the tools they need in Florida to enforce those restrictions."

But Polk County Sheriff's Office spokesman Brian Bruchey told a local news site that law enforcement can't simply take away a person's weapons even after an injunction is ordered. "We really don't have authority to take firearms from people unless they are surrendered or there is a court order," he said.

The presence of a gun in a domestic violence incident increases the risk of homicide by 500%, according to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Every 16 hours, an American woman is fatally shot by her partner, reports The Trace, a nonprofit news site focused on guns.

Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.


45. 2019/06/25 15:00 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programme... download (audio/mpeg, 0.00Mb)

Description: The latest five minute news bulletin from BBC World Service.

46. The Newark Museum Black Film Festival
http://www.wnyc.org/story/newa... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

The director and CEO of the Newark Museum, Linda Harrison, gives a preview of the Newark Museum Black Film Festival, which begins June 26. 



47. Yuna
http://www.wnyc.org/story/yuna... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

Singer-songwriter Yuna joins us to discuss her career and perform in-studio. 

You can find upcoming tour dates for Yuna (including July 17 at Sony Hall) here



48. Revisiting 'All My Sons'
http://www.wnyc.org/story/revi... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

REBROADCAST: Actors Annette Bening and Benjamin Walker talk about starring in the Roundabout Theatre Company’s production of Arthur Miller’s “All My Sons,” which runs through June 30.



49. A New Collection From Emily Nussbaum
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Description:

Emily Nussbaum, the television critic for The New Yorker and the 2016 Pulitizer Prize-winner for criticism, joins us to discuss her new essay collection, I Like To Watch: Arguing My Way Through the TV Revolution

Event: Nussbaum will be in conversation with Wesley Morris at the 92nd St. Y on June 25. 



50. 'Kate Has a Plan': June 25
http://www.wnyc.org/story/kate... download (, 0.00Mb)

Description:

A new "Kate Has a Plan" with WNYC planning editor Kate Hinds